Kinetic ınvestigation of AISI 304 stainless steel boronized in ındirect heated fluidized bed furnace

J. Min. Metall. Sect. B-Metall. 52 (1) B (2016) 63-68. DOI:10.2298/JMMB150301007T
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In this study, kinetic examinations on boronized AISI 304 Stainless Steel samples were described. Samples were boronized in indirect heated fluidized bed furnace consists of Ekabor 1™ boronizing agent at 1123, 1223 and 1323 K for 1,2 and 4 hours. Morphologically and typically examinations of borides formed on the surface of steel samples were studied by optical microscope, scanning electron microscope (SEM) and X-Ray diffraction (XRD). Boride layer thickness formed on the steel X5CrNi 18-10 ranges from 12 to 176 μm. The hardness of the boride layer formed on the steel X5CrNi 18-10 varied between 1709 and 2119 Hv0,1. Layer growth kinetics were analyzed by measuring the extent of penetration of FeB and Fe2B sublayers as a function of boronizing time and temperature. The kinetics of the reaction has been determined with K=Ko exp (-Q/RT) equation. Activation energy (Q) of boronized steel X5CrNi 18-10 was determined as 244 kj/mol.

Keywords: boronizing, AISI 304, indirect heated fluidized bed furnace, kinetics of boron