Immobilization of fluorides from spent carbon cathode in a copper smelting slag

J. Min. Metall. Sect. B-Metall., 58 (1) (2022) 129-139 DOI:10.2298/JMMB210616054L
Full text (pdf)
Export manuscript information:
RIS Format (EndNote, Reference Manager), BibTeX
Available online 10 December 2021
(Received 16 June 2021; Accepted 03 December 2021)


The fluorides from spent carbon cathodes could be effectively solidified in a molten copper smelting slag (FeO-Fe3O4-SiO2-CaO-Al2O3) in forms of CaF2 and Ca4Si2F2O7. The results of thermodynamic analysis, chemical analysis, and XRD and EPMA analyses showed that the F solidification efficiency increased with the CaO amount and decreased with the addition of Al2O3 and SiO2. In addition, it was noteworthy that the F solidification efficiency decreased with an excessive CaO amount, which could be ascribed to the consumption of SiO2 through forming CaSiO3 and Ca3Si2O7. It restricted the solidification of the fluoride into Ca4Si2F2O7. Under the conditions of melting temperature of 1300°C, residence time of 60 min and N2 flow rate of 40 ml/min, the optimum CaO and NaF amounts were found to be 20 wt.% and 6 wt.% respectively, in which the F solidification efficiency in the copper smelting slag of FeO-Fe3O4-SiO2-CaO-Al2O3 obtained 98.35%.

Keywords: Spent carbon cathode; Fluorides; Copper smelting slags; Slag system of FeO-Fe3O4-SiO2-CaO-Al2O3; Immobilization
Correspondence Address:
L. Li,
a College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Donghua University, Shanghai, China; b Shanghai Institute of Pollution Control and Ecological Security, Shanghai, China;,
email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.



Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution-
ShareAlike 4.0 International License