Thermodynamic modelling of the binary indium-lithium system, a promising Li-ion battery material

J. Min. Metall. Sect. B-Metall., 58 (1) (2022) 75-84 DOI:10.2298/JMMB210205041G
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Available online 08 October 2021
(Received 5 February 2021; Accepted 08 October 2021)


The binary In – Li system is a promising Li-ion battery anode material as well as a part of the important ternary Ge – In – Li system. The thermodynamic descriptions of metallic systems are widely used to retrieve information necessary for alloy applications. In this work, a thermodynamic model of a binary indium – lithium system prepared by the Calphad approach is proposed. The liquid phase was described by an associate model, and the solid phases determined by the ab-initio calculation were included in the thermodynamic modeling. The obtained set of self-consistent thermodynamic parameters well reproduces the available experimental data and enables further calculations of multi-component systems. A good agreement between the calculations and the available experimental data was found. The proposed model can be used for further descriptions of ternary systems.

Keywords: Li-ion batteries; Calphad; Thermodynamics; Indium; Lithium
Correspondence Address:
W. Gierlotka,
a Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Dong Hwa University, Shoufong, Taiwan;,
email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.



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