Ab initio and CALPHAD-type thermodynamic investigation of the Ti–Al–Zr system

J. Min. Metall. Sect. B-Metall. 55 (3) B (2019) 427-437. DOI:10.2298/JMMB181022039D
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Abstract

Ti–Al based alloys have been widely used in the aeronautics and aerospace. Adding alloying element Zr can significantly improve their high-temperature endurance and corrosion resistance. To investigate the influence of the addition of element Zr on the properties of the Ti–Al system, ab initio calculations and the CALPHAD (CALculation of PHAse Diagrams) method were used to evaluate the Ti–Al–Zr ternary system. Ab initio calculations were carried out to calculate the formation enthalpies of intermetallic compounds and end-members. CALPHAD approach was employed to optimize the thermodynamic parameters based on experiments. The experimental data of phase equilibria at 1073, 1273, 1473, and 1573 K, as well as a vertical section of the Ti3Al–Ti + 5 wt.% Zr were used to assess this system. The thermodynamic parameters of the binary Ti–Al, Al–Zr and Ti–Zr systems were acquired from recent assessments, and the ternary ones were evaluated in the present work. The Ti–Al–Zr ternary dataset has been established and the calculated results are in close agreement with the experimental data on both thermodynamics and phase equilibria.
Keywords: Ti–Al–Zr system; Ab initio calculations; Phase diagrams; Thermodynamic optimization
Correspondence Address:
D.-P. Zhao, a College of Biology, Hunan
University, Changsha, Hunan, China
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