Thermodynamic properties prediction of Mg-Al-Zn melts based on the atom and molecule coexistence theory

J. Min. Metall. Sect. B-Metall. 55 (2) B (2019) 135-145. DOI:10.2298/JMMB181126017Z
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Abstract

A developed and verified thermodynamic model based on the atom and molecule coexistence theory (AMCT) is employed to predict activities relative to pure liquids in standard state in Mg-Al, Mg-Zn, Al-Zn and Mg-Al-Zn melts through the calculated mass action concentrations of structural units, i.e., Ni. According to AMCT, Ni can be extrapolated and calculated by the chemical equilibrium constant of a structural molecule, i.e., Ki, in the Mg-Al-Zn ternary system and binary subsystems. In this paper, the standard Gibbs free energy function, for reported activities and mixing thermodynamic properties in Mg-Al, Mg-Zn and Al-Zn melts, was regressed and optimized. The results showed that Ki and Ni were deduced by Gibbs free energy function at the studied temperature. The results of calculating thermodynamic properties in the full composition range for liquid Mg-Al-Zn from 880 to 1100 K, as well as Mg-Al from 923 to 1073 K, Mg-Zn from 880 to 973 K and Al-Zn from 1000 to 1073 K, are presented in the paper by coupling with Ni and AMCT. An excellent agreement is noticed between the calculated values of this study and measured thermodynamic data from the references, suggesting that the AMCT can be well applied to describe and predict the activities of the Mg-Al-Zn system and its subsystems.
Keywords: Thermodynamic prediction model; Atom and molecule coexistence theory; Regression and optimization; Mass action concentrations; The Mg-Al-Zn system and its subsystems
Correspondence Address:
H.-J. Guo, a School of Metallurgical and Ecological Engineering,
University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing, China
b Beijing Key Laboratory of Special Melting and Preparation of High-End Metal Materials,
University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing, China
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