Dissolution of Tunisian phosphate ore by a mixture of sulfuric and phosphoric acid: Kinetics study by means of differential reaction calorimetry

J. Min. Metall. Sect. B-Metall. 55 (1) B (2019) 9-19. DOI:10.2298/JMMB180808013L
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Abstract

A mixture of phosphoric and sulfuric acid was used to investigate the dissolution kinetics of phosphate ore by Differential Reaction Calorimetry (DRC). The effect of the solid-to-iquid ratio, concentration, stirring speed, particle size and temperature of the reaction is examined. It was established that the dissolution rate increased with stirring speed and particle size. However, rising the olid-to-iquid ratio, temperature and concentration decreased the dissolution rate. It was determined that the dissolution rate fits in the first order of the pseudo-homogeneous reaction model. Two negative values of apparent activation energies were found in the range of 25 to 60°C. The experimental data were tested by graphical and statistical methods and it was found that the following models were best fitted for the experimental data and an empirical equation for the process was developed. -ln (1 – x) = [2,2 E-09((S/L)0.75C -0.461G0.447(SS) 0.471exp (2671/T)]t. T≤ 40°C -ln (1 – x) = [2,2 E-09((S/L)0.75C -0.461G0.447(SS) 0.471exp (6959/T)]t. T > 45°C
Keywords: Kinetics; Phosphate ores; Differential reaction calorimetry; Shrinking-core model; Activation energy; Isoconversional model.
Correspondence Address:
K. Brahim, Chemistry Department: LR15ES01 Materials,
Cristallochemistry and Applied Thermodynamics Laboratory,
Faculty of Science, Tunis El Manar University, Tunis, Tunisia
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