An effective process for simultaneous extraction of valuable metals (V, Cr, Ti, Fe, Mn) from vanadium slag using acidic sodium chlorate solution under water bath conditions

J. Min. Metall. Sect. B-Metall. 54 (2) B (2018) 153-159. DOI:10.2298/JMMB171126003L
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Abstract

In the present work, a novel process for effective extraction of valuable metals (V, Cr, Ti, Mn, Fe, Al, and Mg) from the vanadium slag is proposed. The leaching parameters for valuable metals extraction from the vanadium slag by acidic sodium chlorate solution were studied to obtain conditions for vanadium to be leached without using a pyro metallurgical step since the roasting process requires high energy consumption. The optimal H2SO4 concentration, weight ratio of NaClO3 to sample, leaching time, leaching temperature, agitation speed and ratio of liquid volume to solid mass were 6 M, 0.2, 6 h, 95°C, 200 rpm and 10, respectively. Under these optimal conditions, the extraction ratio of vanadium and valuable metals (V, Cr, Ti, Mn, Fe, Al, and Mg) were 85.8% and 91.2%, respectively. Compared with salt roasting, this process could simultaneously extract valuable metals from vanadium slag. More importantly, the experimental temperature was low underwater bath conditions.
Keywords: Valuable metals; Vanadium slag; Sodium chlorate; Water Bath
Correspondence Address:
S.B. Shen, School of Metallurgical and
Ecological Engineering, University of Science and Technology, Beijing, China
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