Characterization of the expanded austenite developed on AISI 316 LM steel by plasma nitriding

J. Min. Metall. Sect. B-Metall. 53 (1) B (2017) 47-52. DOI:10.2298/JMMB151115026K
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Abstract

AISI 316 LM samples were plasma nitrided at a temperature of 380°C for different times between 0.5 and 8 h in a 85%N2-15% H2 gas mixture. Different experimental techniques such as: optical microscopy (OM), X- ray diffraction (XRD ) and glow discharge optical emission spectroscopy (GDOES) were used to characterize the expanded austenite layer formed at the surface of AISI 316 LM stainless steel. The microscopical observations revealed the presence of the expanded austenite with a mean layer thickness between 1.90 and 4.31 µm. The growth kinetics of expanded austenite was also investigated. In addition, both the compressive stresses in the expanded austenite layer and the compositional strains were estimated by means of a simple mechanical model based on the XRD results.
Keywords: Plasma nitriding; Expanded austenite; Kinetics; Mechanical model; Stress; Strain
Correspondence Address:
M. Keddama, Laboratoire de Technologie des Matériaux,
Faculté de Génie Mécanique et Génie des Procédés, Algeria
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